What Does STD Stand For?

STD - (on June 02, 2015 04:38 AM)

Today, most people are unaware of the STD definition, do not know what the abbreviation STD stands for and do not know about the perils of STD even though the STD statistics are on the rise all over the world and a lot of campaigns organized by many health organizations and governments are creating awareness about STDs.


In this article we will help you understand all about the STD definition, what the abbreviation STD stands for and we will also help you know more about the dangers they pose to the human health.



What Does STD Stands For?

The abbreviation STD stands for sexually transmitted disease.



What Is The STD Definition?

The STD definition is:

Diseases that spread through sexual contact with an infected individual. In the modern world STDs are now known as STIs because STIs are a more broader term since medically first the person becomes infected with bacteria, virus or a parasite and later on when the infection develops in the infected individual it can be said that they have the disease. STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) include almost all kinds of infections and spread through vaginal, anal or oral sex. They can spread between women and man, women to women or man to man.



What Are The Complications Of STDs?

Different STDs have different complications some of which are minor while some can be dangerous and deathly. So in order to understand the dangers of STD for human health in the best way possible we will read about them according to some of the major STDs.




The complications that are associated with chlamydia are; Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), Epididymitis which is an infection near the testicles, prostate gland infection, reactive arthritis and infertility. Chlamydia may also cause various infections in newborn babies.




Complications associated with gonorrhea are; scarring of the uterus and Fallopian tubes, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) and Infertility. In women gonorrhea can also cause complications during pregnancy such as; miscarriage, damage to the baby's eyes etc etc.




Untreated syphilis can result in the development of large sores inside the body or on the skin, can cause Cardiovascular diseases and even affect the nervous system. Syphilis also increases the risk of HIV.




HIV cannot be completely treated but the development of the disease can be controlled and reduced. The complications that HIV can cause are; Tuberculosis (TB), Meningitis, diarrhea, fever, vomiting, abdominal cramps, white tongue or ulcers, sores or swelling, night sweats, malaise, loss of appetite, fever, fatigue, sweating, swollen lymph nodes, oral thrush, opportunistic infection, red blotches, skin rash, unintentional weight loss, headache and pneumonia.




The complications of Herpes develop with time but can be life threatening. They are; Pneumonia, inflammation of the esophagus and brain inflammation. Herpes can also stop the production of hormones by destroying the adrenal glands.




Human papillomavirus (HPV) can not only cause itching, discomfort and pain, they are also responsible of causing cancer of the vulva and cervix in women.



Hepatitis B

Untreated hepatitis B can cause liver cancer and liver failure.




Trichomoniasis make the infected individual an easy prey to other STDs. It can also cause various complications in pregnant women and babies such as a premature delivery and having a baby with an unhealthy birth weight.



With all this information including the STD definition and the STDs complications we can easily understand the consequences of the STDs. This makes it very important for everyone involved in sexual activities to keep a check on their health by getting tested for STDs regularly.




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