Gonorrhea, Know Causes About Symptoms & Treatment

STD - United States (on September 19, 2014 05:54 AM)

Sexually active people can easily infected by gonorrhea; gonorrhea symptoms can cause serious complication if it is not treated on time and correct medication can easily cured gonorrhea disease.  Question often asked what gonorrhea is, it is sexually transmitted contagious disease which can affect both men and women.


Gonorrhea infection can blight the rectum, genital and throat areas and mostly seen in young ages from 16 years to 25. Sexually active people practicing unprotected sex can transmit the gonorrhea bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea by body fluid. Normally symptoms of gonorrhea are massive burning during passing the urination and penile discharge in men, women symptoms of gonorrhea are pelvic pain and vaginal discharge, if gonorrhea is not treated it can further cause the pelvic inflammatory disease and epididymitis which can affect the joints and heart valves.  


How Gonorrhea Spread

Gonorrhea can be easily spread because of highly contagious disease from vaginal, oral and anal sex to other sex partner who has active bacterium of gonorrhea. A pregnant woman is at serious risk if she carries the gonococcal infection because at a time of labor infection can be transmitting to baby as well.


Vaginal or anal sex with an infected partner

Oral sex, although chances are less

Sharing sex toys highly at risk

Touching parts of the body with fingers

Close physical contact

Bacteria can be passed from hand to hand but chances are less

Mother to her baby at birth


How to Prevent Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea can be prevented only if you are not involved in sex activities. If you are active sex personality like anal, vaginal or oral sex then probability of STD gonorrhea cannot be prevented. Eventually sexually active people can reduce the chances of gonorrhea by using the health care guideline, such as long term sex relation with one partner who is tested STD with negative results and use of condom.


What is the Causes of Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is very common sexual disease noticed in US health clinics and causes of gonorrhea is Gonorrhea Neisseria bacteria, sexual contact is the cause to transmitting of infection, and bacterium grows in mucus membranes of the body and multiple in rapid phase, also develop in the warms, moist areas of reproductive track which includes the cervix, fallopian and urethra in both men and women.


Research shows that men have exposed 20% risk of getting gonorrhea infection involved sex behavior with infected women but risk of sex with men to men is very high. On the other part if women make vaginal relationship with infected men is at higher risk from 60% to 80% to be infected gonorrhea Neisseria bacteria.


How Do You Know About Gonorrhea

If you are infected with gonorrhea, it may be no symptoms at all, later on symptoms can be appearing within 10 days to 30 days after the exposure.


What is The Symptoms of Gonorrhea?

Symptoms of gonorrhea are very painful in both men and women; half of the women are without symptoms while virginal discharge, painful urination, lower abdominal pain and sex with pain are common.


Gonorrhea Symptom in Men

Yellow or whitish release from the penis

Burning during urinating

Burning in the throat (because of oral sex)

Painful or swollen testicles

Swollen glands in the throat


Gonorrhea Symptom in Women

Yellow or whitish discharge from the vagina

Lower abdominal pain

Burning during urinating

Conjunctivitis (red, itchy eyes)

Bleeding during periods

Spying after intercourse

Swelling of the vulva

Burning in the throat (because of oral sex)

Swollen glands in the throat


How to Diagnose the Gonorrhea

If you feel any symptoms of gonorrhea, visit your healthcare clinic where doctor will diagnose the gonorrhea symptoms by using the swab a sample of liquid fluid from urethra in men or cervix in women. The specimen will sent to lab for analyzing the bacterium of gonorrhea. If doctor identify infection in throat areas then anal culture is required for testing. Urine sample is also one method to test the gonorrhea bacterium and after some days lab will send the results if active or not.


What is the Management & How to Treat Gonorrhea?

In recent times gonorrhea bacteria has created resistance against antibiotics however injectable high dose of ceftriaxone is affected treatment of gonorrhea infection.


Oral antibiotics such as levofloxacin combination of doxycycline are also given to cure gonorrhea & chlamydia. Increasing resistance against antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones, penicillin, tetracycline, and cefixime are no more prescribed by doctors.


It is not prescription for you to treat gonorrhea himself, you must visit the doctor who will diagnose the symptoms and recommend the medication. This information is only for reading and awareness purpose and not trigging anyone to use any medical prescription by reading this article. 

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