HIV & AIDS Transmission Rates and Estimated Risks Per Exposures

HIV-Aids - United States (on December 11, 2014 11:44 AM)


 

Most of the times HIV & AIDS transferred due to un-healthy equipments, sex & drugs. See the HIV Transmission Rate List. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) transmission rates are commonly categorized in 'low risk' and 'high risk'. Risk of HIV or AIDS virus to transmitted in your body through various exposures, may be due to unsafe sex or infected equipment used etc. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) transmission rates are commonly categorized in 'low risk' and 'high risk' with respect to their exposure. Exposure of HIV & AIDS virus risk is comparatively higher to transmit from blood transfusion than other factors such as female breast milk, body fluids and sexual relations. Most often sexual relations and drug-using activities are also one cause to transmit HIV virus. Therefore, medical and health professionals are frequently asked for exact estimate of HIV transmission per exposures.

 

No doubt that general awareness regarding HIV has increased as compared to past few years, yet the disease is so prominent that 1.5 million people have died from HIV/AIDS-related complications in in last year i.e. 2013, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) report. Thus, Health organizations should launch more awareness campaigns to inform what HIV is, how it is transmitted to the human body, causes, symptom and precautionary measures to prevent human from HIV infection.

 

As our topic suggests, here some of the main exposures are given. HIV virus enters in female or male body from following body fluids, such as:

  1. Blood

  2. Vaginal Secretions

  3. Semen

  4. Breast Milk

 

As HIV virus risks to enter in human body from blood, vaginal secretions, semen and female breast milk. Therefore people involved in unsafe oral or casual sex are easily affected. Many of patient are get affected by using HIV affected needles and other unsterilized medical equipment. Some statistics are given in following table with their estimated rates according to the CDC HIV transmission rates.

 

hiv-transmission

 

Type of Exposure Risk per 10,000
   

Parenteral

 
Blood Transfusion 9,250
Needle-sharing during injection drug use 63
Percutaneous (needle-stick) 23
   

Sexual

 
Receptive anal intercourse 138
Insertive anal intercourse 11
Receptive penile-vaginal intercourse 8
Insertive penile-vaginal intercourse 4
Receptive oral intercourse low
Insertive oral intercourse low
   

Other

 
Biting negligible
Spitting negligible
Sharing sex toys               negligible

 

All the aforementioned types of exposures cause human body affected by HIV virus due to many carelessness. In our coming articles we are going to put light on how one can be safe from HIV/AIDS virus that is transmitted in one’s body through blood, sexual risks and mother to child through various means.


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