Item 1 - 4: Discover HIV Transmission Rates

HIV-Aids - United States (on September 13, 2014 05:20 AM)

Read about risk of HIV transmissions which depends on exposure type, see the list of HIV transmission rate often sexual contact & Drugs are one of reasons to transmit human immunodeficiency virus. In the last few years the phase of HIV infections in US has increased and HIV disease is the worldwide phenomena today, because question comes into mind how to control the HIV virus even it is still not curable completely.


 

World Health Organization show the statistics of HIV infected population facts & figures, 1.5 million people passed away because of HIV related disease, high rates of death and transmission is terrible sign to launch more awareness campaigns to prevent the spread of virus.

 

Calculate the risk of HIV transmission is not easy task for the researchers to find out the reasons of exposure, is it transmitted through sex HIV, do this effectively HIV negative people should follow over the time their exposures to HIV, so it could be easier in that case to identify the number of time to be exposed and type of exposure and tracked.  

 

Rate and risk to attain HIV virus from infected person varies on type of exposure to HIV sex, use of drugs, dental instruments and other reasons.

 

HIV can easily transmitted through the human fluids such as discussed below:

 

Semen

Blood

Breast milk

Vaginal discharge

 

We will further discuss which type of exposure are the major reasons or most likely cause to spread the virus, learn how to find antiretroviral therapy can make the difference. 

 

How HIV Transmit From Blood

CDC center of disease control and prevention is actually providing the details with numbers that what is the risk of contracting HIV from infected person. Institute debates the probabilities how many times the risk of transmission of HIV disease per 1000 exposures. If you exposure with blood transfusion from infected people of 1000 there are chances of HIV will transmit in 9250 times to other people carrying negative HIV.

 

HIV is spreading very fast from blood transfusion, according to the research of CDC explains further that in case direct HIV donor is the route of exposure who is carrying the HIV virus will cause the highest reasons to transmit the disease. Thus screening measures while transfusion of blood should be very strict, testing of HIV virus before transfusion of blood and follow the guidelines SOP’s of Health standard to minimize the risk of HIV virus spreading. 

 

Needle sharing must be avoided and strictly ban, because needle sharing is one reason to spread the HIV infection, for example community of drug users are frequently using same needle from one person to another, accidently needle sticks at hospitals are the added ways to transmit the HIV infection but less likely to transmitted the disease if we compare the blood transfusion method. CDC guesses around 63 out of 1000 exposures to be infected by sharing of needle.

 

HIV Risk for Sexual Transmission

If you do sex with your partner already infected with HIV positive infection will defiantly increase your risk to contracting HIV virus. CDC estimates the numbers with anal intercourse with sex partner carry HIV transmission behavior study. Out of 1000 possibilities of anal sex, virus is transmitted to 138 times.

 

Sexual intercourse is second highest reasons to transmit the HIV both vaginal or anal intercourse, one study of CDC shows that risk is also there for receptive penile vaginal sex  numbers are 8 out of 1000 exposures. Finally all kinds of sex relations with positive HIV partner is at risk transmitting the infection from oral, anal, vaginal intercourse to acquire the HIV.

 

How Mother Transmit the HIV to Children

HIV infection can also transmit from mother to children through breast feeding, this situation is very confusing if mother don’t know that she is carrying HIV positive. Mother can also transmit the HIV during pregnancy time, if your test positive at the time of pregnancy. There are medications which will reduce the risk of transmission of HIV to baby or time of labor.

From mother to infant HIV transmission, National Institute of Health predicts that in United States 1760 babies born with positive HIV infection during pregnancy in 1992.

 

Hiv Transmission Rates

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